Help with a few projects

Linux for blind general discussion blinux-list at
Tue Dec 12 23:29:12 UTC 2017

I apologize. Ulysses is generally a male name, at least here in the
States. As for your being young, my kids are all older than u--so to
me you're young. I had actually guessed your age at 22, so I was not
far off.

On 12/12/17, Linux for blind general discussion <blinux-list at> wrote:
> Hello,
> For your information, could you please address me properly? I am female,
> and I do not know if there is anything that had implied that I was of a
> much younger age, but I am twenty-three.
> Sincerely,
> -HeavenlyHarmony
> On 12/12/2017 3:00 PM, Linux for blind general discussion wrote:
>> Ulysses, if you've got an Apache webserver, then generally speaking
>> the group to hwich the webserver belongs by default is www-data. So u
>> would add the wordpressuser to that group. Again, your postfix error
>> is telling u that your user/group permissions are incorrect.
>> My web hosting invoicing program just crappe the bed. I really need to
>> get that up first before I can provide much help. I apologize. I would
>> be willing to try to help once I get this situation straightened out &
>> a small website built for a client. But right now, young Sir, I'm a
>> little inundated. Truthfully, given the way things are now, it's
>> likely gonna be hard for me to get back w/u to any meaningful degree
>> till after the first of the year. I'm sorry. Holidays w/a family &
>> trying to run a business can get a little hectic. But if I can get my
>> invoice program working in a reasonable timeframe, I'll get back on
>> list sooner & see if I can't help u out. I hope that sounds fair.
>> On 12/12/17, Linux for blind general discussion <blinux-list at>
>> wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> This is the guide I used to follow and set up Postfix.
>>> The error occurred here. wordpressuser at vps:~$ echo "This is the body of
>>> the e-mail." | mail -s "This is the subject of the e-mail." green_gables
>>> _fan33 at
>>> Can't canonicalize "/home/wordpressuser/Maildir"
>>> wordpressuser at vps:~$ postdrop: warning: /etc/postfix/
>>> file is owned or writable by non-root users -- skip
>>> ping this file
>>> Could you be less vague. I.E. provide actual steps on how to fix this
>>> problem? I'll outline the steps I took when I read this sentence. Your
>>> problem w/WordPress is that you likely don't have the user of the
>>> wordpress files belonging to the webserver group. Once u make that
>>> happen, your updating problems will disappear. U need to set the file
>>> permissions back to a safer level, or your site wil get hacked.
>>> I only understood you as far as needing to change the ownership of the
>>> WordPressfiles and their permissions. /var/www/html/blog, where blog is
>>> the folder that contains WordPress, is as follows, using Win SCP. blog
>>> Owner: wordpressuser, Group: wordpressuser, Type: File folder, Rights:
>>> rwsrwsrwt, Changed: 12/12/2017 1:58:35 P
>>> Based on your statement, I assumed that I needed to change ownership of
>>> both group and user, and change permissions to Apache2, MySQL, and PHP
>>> to the same user that WordPress is set to.
>>> /etc/apache2, /etc/mysql, and /etc/php
>>> apache2 Owner: wordpressuser, Group: wordpressuser, Type: File folder,
>>> Rights: rwsrwsrwt, Changed: 11/28/2017 1:25:20 A mysql Owner:
>>> wordpressuser, Group: wordpressuser, Type: File folder, Rights:
>>> rwsrwsrwt, Changed: 10/29/2017 6:02:10 P php Owner: wordpressuser,
>>> Group: wordpressuser, Type: File folder, Rights: rwsrwsrwt, Changed:
>>> 9/16/2017 12:33:01 P
>>> I tried updating a plug-in, but it is still giving me the same error
>>> message. If you want to do an actual session where you could try to help
>>> me via phone or Skype, I let me know if you would like to pay you a
>>> small sum or if you'd like to volunteer your time.
>>> Also, you didn't specify how having all files and folders set to 7777
>>> would increase the level of attack if Cloudflare is supposed to keep
>>> people from finding out my IP address, or if they tried accessing
>>> wp-content/uploads and put malicious PHP scripts.
>>> I think Windows servers have their place in the universe, but why they
>>> have to be expensive I know not. Yes, Linux is all done via bash and
>>> SSH, whereas Windows is done via remote desktop. And for some people, if
>>> you want to get things done without worrying about command lines, you
>>> could try C-Panel or something simple, but if you want to know how and
>>> why things work, and how the puzles all fit together, you can learn as
>>> long as you have a good support sytem, and many people do not have that.
>>> What kind of certain web components would be redirected that would make
>>> it difficult for a beginner to work around? How accessible is
>>> cloudflare? I noticed some unusual buttons that have vague labels and
>>> whatnot. I am using NVDA on Windows 10 with Google Chrome and Firefox.
>>> -Ulysses
>>> On 12/12/2017 1:19 PM, Linux for blind general discussion wrote:
>>>> Ulysses, provide your error logs & we can assist w/the postfix
>>>> problem. If those error logs contain information u don't wish on a
>>>> public list, then go ahead & email me privately at
>>>> abletec at g mail dot com. You can't copy-&-paste that email, as I've
>>>> munged it to prevent spam harvesting, but u should be able to figure
>>>> it out.
>>>> Your problem w/WordPress is that you likely don't have the user of the
>>>> wordpress files belonging to the webserver group. Once u make that
>>>> happen, your updating problems will disappear. U need to set the file
>>>> permissions back to a safer level, or your site wil get hacked.
>>>> Unless there's a compelling reason to do so, ie, you're developing
>>>> some sort of Windows software, my recommendation would be to use Linux
>>>> to host websites. It's cheaper, &, IMO, also more secure for a number
>>>> of reasons. I realize I'll likely encounter the ire of some on this
>>>> list for saying thus, but it really is a fact, IMO.
>>>> I would also advise disabling Cloudflare until you get everything set
>>>> up, because it tends to add an additional layer in terms of
>>>> redirecting certain web components that makes things hard for a
>>>> beginner to learn & figure out what's going on.
>>>> On 12/12/17, Linux for blind general discussion <blinux-list at>
>>>> wrote:
>>>>> Hi everyone,
>>>>> My name is Ulysses Harmony Garcia. My web site is
>>>>> I heard about I heard about
>>>>> this mailing list through a Facebook post.
>>>>>      For several years, I've been trying to figure out what kind of
>>>>> services I
>>>>>      could use to satisfy my needs. In the early 2010's, I looked into
>>>>> shared
>>>>>      hosting plans, but the more I looked at them, the more I didn't
>>>>> like
>>>>> them because I wanted to be able to have full
>>>>>      control of the server. All they let you use is a public HTML
>>>>> folder
>>>>> and an FTP server port 21 or 990 for secure connections, and a
>>>>> web-based
>>>>> administration tool like Webmin or C-Panel. So I continued using
>>>>> Dropbox
>>>>> to host my web site. The only problem was that I had to use an http
>>>>> colon slash slash dl dot dropboxusercontent dot com slash u slash
>>>>> xxxxxxxx slash index dot html to render it, which is a pretty long
>>>>> link,
>>>>> but at least it worked.
>>>>> Four years later, I looked into the cloud, SSD, and dedicated
>>>>>      VPS options. By asking around, I heard of several different
>>>>> choices
>>>>> such as Linode,
>>>>>      Vultr, Digital Ocean, OVH, and through a diary entry I had made
>>>>> back
>>>>> in
>>>>>      2014, VPS dot Next, I had to learn about which operating system I
>>>>> would most likely
>>>>>      use for the server. Since 2005, I have primarily used Windows,
>>>>>      and I started using a Mac in 2011. I have never used Linux, and I
>>>>>      probably chose to stay away from it because I associated Linux as
>>>>> an
>>>>>      operating system only computer geeks would use. So when I was
>>>>> looking
>>>>> for a
>>>>>      VPS, I was lucky to find a Windows server on vps dot net. However,
>>>>> when I told others
>>>>>      about it, many people acted like that was a crime, or that it was
>>>>>      impractical to use Windows as a server, and that 99.99% of the web
>>>>> was
>>>>>      hosted by Linux, which was meant to be used as a server operating
>>>>> system.
>>>>>      I've done most of the work on my own. I first began with a Windows
>>>>>      virtual private server at VPS dot net, but I was not able to set
>>>>>      up the web server, database server and PHP to work on-line, except
>>>>>      through Localhost. I wasn't able to use Internet Information
>>>>> Services
>>>>>      IIS either, so I gave up on it and cancelled my server.
>>>>> Fortunately,
>>>>> I kept my
>>>>>      account active, so I could come back to it when I wasn't
>>>>> overwhelmed.
>>>>> I even tried enabling Internet Information Services on my Windows 10
>>>>> computer by using the enable or disables Windows features. I checked
>>>>> every one of them, but when I typed localhost in the connect to
>>>>> computer
>>>>> dialogue box, I got this message. IIS6 Manager  dialogue  Unable to
>>>>> connect to localhost. The target server does not have the SMTP service
>>>>> installed. You cannot manage an IIS 7.5 Web or FTP server by using
>>>>> Internet Information Services (6.0) Manager.
>>>>>      As primarily being an extroverted person, I get energy from
>>>>> working
>>>>> with
>>>>>      other people rather than working alone, yet for some reason, I've
>>>>>      encountered a lot of people who think that being too dependent on
>>>>> others
>>>>>      was a bad thing, that being completely independent was the best
>>>>> way
>>>>> to
>>>>>      go. I disagree with that. I mean, I can see why some people
>>>>> wouldn't
>>>>>      want to be too dependent on others for fear of taking too much of
>>>>>      someone's time or being too clingy, etc, or taking advantage of
>>>>> said
>>>>>      person, but I also believe that there needs to be a balance in
>>>>> helping
>>>>>      others and being self-reliable. This is where interdependence
>>>>> comes
>>>>> in. Manuals are never straightforward. You can follow the directions in
>>>>> the manual as exactly outlined and end up with error messages. Even
>>>>> googling error messages can't guarantee that you will get a quick
>>>>> solution. Having said that, I have joined a few community forums and
>>>>> posted these error messages, but never received replies.
>>>>>      Back in July, I contacted a few people I know who were
>>>>> successfully
>>>>> using
>>>>>      the popular content management system WordPress, and asked if they
>>>>> could
>>>>>      help out. One person, whose name I won't mention, said they could
>>>>> set
>>>>> up
>>>>>      my web site, if I could provide $300/hr USD and that it was
>>>>> estimated
>>>>> to
>>>>>      take four hours to set up to where I wanted it to be. Now, this
>>>>> person
>>>>>      is also blind. What I do not understand is how someone who may be
>>>>>      knowledgeable about supplemental security income could decide to
>>>>> charge
>>>>>      such a high price to set up something simple, and that is
>>>>>      semi-automated, and easy to install. I wrote a reply, and didn't
>>>>> hear
>>>>>      back for a month. I re-sent my reply and was told that if I wanted
>>>>> to
>>>>>      continue with the route that I choose, I would have to go on
>>>>> Bookshare
>>>>>      or BARD to download books on Windows server hosting, and that I
>>>>> had
>>>>>      sufficient resources on the Audio Games net forum to start.
>>>>>      so in September, I finally found a fellow who turned out to be
>>>>> someone I
>>>>>      knew by reputation, and he offered to spend his free time in
>>>>> helping
>>>>> me
>>>>>      out, especially since he has had plenty of experience in working
>>>>> with
>>>>>      virtual private servers and web hosting. If you ask him how he
>>>>> liked
>>>>> working with me, he might tell you that I learn things pretty quickly
>>>>> once I get to actually learning the steps live on Skype or phone. I
>>>>> also
>>>>> record my sessions so I can look back and see what I did. By that time,
>>>>> I was a little
>>>>>      more knowledgeable in talking to others on this topic.
>>>>> Look at post four.
>>>>> I
>>>>> told my new friend a little bit of what I've hoped to accomplish, and
>>>>> what I
>>>>>      have done so far, and how much experience I've already had. In
>>>>> 2010
>>>>>      through 2013, I worked on building an HTML 4.1 and 5 project in
>>>>> high
>>>>>      school using Notepad, and in 2013, I used CSS 3 to enhance it when
>>>>> I
>>>>>      took a college class in web development. In mid July of 2013, I
>>>>> got
>>>>>      myself a WordPress blog up and running, which has been since taken
>>>>> down.
>>>>>      I decided to export this blog and import it into the self-hosted
>>>>>      version, and I was able to successfully link up all of my web
>>>>> pages
>>>>> to a podcast generator and the WordPress system.
>>>>> Right now we are sort of stuck on where to go, since I already have a
>>>>>      basic HTML site with no scripts on my Ubuntu VPS, a TeamTalk
>>>>> server
>>>>>      running, and hopefully an IceCast or ShoutCast server for
>>>>> streaming.
>>>>> I heard that you can get
>>>>>      an e-mail provider through Google Aps and install their mail
>>>>> exchange
>>>>>      and text verification records, but they are quite costly, and I
>>>>> don't
>>>>>      know if you'd have to install anything on Ubuntu to make sure the
>>>>> PHP
>>>>>      contact forms worked properly. By following several guides on
>>>>> Linode
>>>>> and Digital Ocean, I was able to install Postfix and S-Nail, but I keep
>>>>> getting error messages when I am trying to send a message as a test.
>>>>> I also got an account through Cloudflare, and if you were to do a user
>>>>> $
>>>>> dig +short or root# dig +short
>>>>> you'd see instead of my actual
>>>>> server's IP address. If you tried using that directly, it'd say,
>>>>> Cloudflare direct IP access not allowed. This is to keep attackers from
>>>>> finding out what my server's IP address is. If they tried doing a who
>>>>> is
>>>>> on my domain, they'd see a privacy protect dot org notice instead of my
>>>>> name.
>>>>> Also, I really couldn't understand how C-Panel and Webmin
>>>>> administration
>>>>> tools worked until my friend showed me how he used the terminal on his
>>>>> Cent OS VPS to install it. It sort of reminded me of PHP My Admin. You
>>>>> simply put :2083, :2087, or :2086 at the end of your domain.
>>>>> I also installed Certbot which uses Lets Encrypt. At the moment I can't
>>>>> seem to figure out how to force traffic to be automatically redirected
>>>>> to https(443) instead of http(80). But now since I'm using Cloudflare,
>>>>> I'm not sure if that will be necessary.
>>>>>      Once I get more advanced, and raised my income through Amazon
>>>>>      Associates and stripe payments, I'd like to install a phone box or
>>>>> PBX using Asterisk as well. Note that I am running PHP 7. My friend and
>>>>> I tried installing Free PBX, but it doesn't seem to like it, so we had
>>>>> to give it up temporarily, at least until they release the newer
>>>>> version.
>>>>> On a more interesting topic, I don't know if any of you are into speech
>>>>> synthesis that can sing. I am very much into singing synthesis and have
>>>>> spent quite a bit of time with DECtalk and Vocaloid. I recently got
>>>>> interested in learning how to use Festival and make my own speech
>>>>> synthesiser. If you look at post 57 of this thread, you can see where I
>>>>> am at right now.
>>>>> So having said that, might any of you be able to help me resolve this
>>>>> mail problem with Postfix and S-Nail? I keep getting a debug error.
>>>>> Also, for some annoying reason which my friend and I have not been able
>>>>> to determine, I cannot install plug-ins or update WordPress directly.
>>>>> It
>>>>> wants to access my web server through FTP or FTPS, and I don't have one
>>>>> properly configured. I tried changing all file and folder permissions
>>>>> to
>>>>> 7777 recursively, but I am still unable to update and install plug-ins
>>>>> automatically. If any of you are able to help me with that as well I
>>>>> would greatly appreciate it.
>>>>> Anyhow, I apologise for this lengthy e-mail, but hopefully that gives
>>>>>      you all an idea of what I've done so far and where I'd like to go
>>>>> next. :-)
>>>>>      Sincerely,
>>>>>      -Ulysses
>>>>> _______________________________________________
>>>>> Blinux-list mailing list
>>>>> Blinux-list at
>>> _______________________________________________
>>> Blinux-list mailing list
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