Newbie to linux and a question

Linux for blind general discussion blinux-list at
Tue Dec 18 09:39:06 UTC 2018

Hi Jeff!
That was very well explained.
Thanks for that one.
I am not a newbie but am not using the linux OS as much as i maybe wanted.
THis i guess is because I am so lazie and feel a bit stupid if i ask something.
I began 2 decades ago with Linux and way back then there was mostly command line use for a blind person.
I sadly met people on the internet that was quite frustrated to have a newbie hanging around asking silly questions.

> 15 dec. 2018 kl. 18:06 skrev Linux for blind general discussion <blinux-list at>:
> Okay, let me back up a bit.
> Knoppix is a Live Distribution developed by Klaus Knopper based on
> Debian. As a live distribution, it is designed primarily to be run
> from a DVD or USB flash drive, though it can be installed to a hard
> drive, though this isn't generally recommended and its installer is a
> bit quick and dirty compared to distributions actually intended to be
> installed to a hard drive.
> Adriane(full name: Audio Desktop resource implemntation and networking
> environment) is an accessibility suite bundled with Knoppix. By
> default, a Knoppix DVD will boot to a desktop environment, but if the
> right command is issued at the DVd's boot prompt, it will instead boot
> in Adriane mode.
> When booted in Adriane mode, the sbl text-mode screen reader is
> started automatically and the user is presented with a menu. Most of
> the menu options are for common computing tasks such as browsing the
> web, checking e-mail, editing documents, playing media files, or file
> management, and most of the menu options will invoke an appropriate
> text-mode application or serve as a front end to such. There's also an
> option that will drop you down to the command line and a Graphical
> Programs option that will give you a choice between launching Firefox
> with Orca, LibreOffice with Orca, or a full desktop environment with
> Orca.
> There use to be three official flavors of Knoppix, each available in
> both an English version and a German version: Knoppix Cd, Adriane CD,
> and Knoppix DVD. Knoppix CD booted to a graphical desktop by default,
> included only the default desktop environment, and fit on a CD.
> Adriane CD was identical to Knoppix CD, but booted into Adriane by
> default. Knoppix DVD included the option to boot with a 64-bit kernel,
> booting into alternate desktop environments, and bundled as much
> software as could fit on a DVD, but had the same default boot options
> as the Knoppix CD. At some point, Klaus Knopper got to a point where
> trimming things down for the CD release took too much time nad effort,
> and now, the only official Knoppix images are the Enlgish and German
> versions of the DVd. Again, booting to Adriane is still possible,
> though the Knoppix boot prompt isn't accessible, which prompted me to
> learn how to modify the DVD iso to make it boot into Adriane by
> default.
> If I'm not mistaken, Adriane utilizes the following text-mode
> applications for its various components:
> web browser: elinks.
> e-mail client: mutt
> OCR: Tesseract
> File Management: Midnight Commander
> Media player: mplayer2 or mpv(both are forks of mplayer)
> text editing: nano.
> Text-mode screen reader: sbl
> Graphical Web browser: Firefox
> Graphical Office Suite: LibreOffice
> Graphical screen reader: Orca.
> Admittedly, I don't really use Adriane much myself, but then again,
> I've been immersed in the command line for years, and the only reasons
> I haven't switched back to vanilla Debian is because I prefer SBL to
> espeakup(the default text-mode screen reader in Debian), sbl isn't
> available in Debian's apt repositories, and I haven't figured out how
> to replicate Adriane's ability to launch Firefox and Orca without
> launching a full desktop environment under Debian. Still, Adriane
> seems like a good way for someone who's blind and new to Linux to get
> things done without having to constantly fight with the GUI or needing
> to jump into the deep end with the command line.
> -- 
> Sincerely,
> Jeffery Wright
> Bachelor of Computer Science
> President Emeritus, Nu Nu Chapter, Phi Theta Kappa.
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> Blinux-list mailing list
> Blinux-list at

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