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[Cluster-devel] [PATCH v6 18/19] gfs2: Fix mmap + page fault deadlocks for direct I/O



Also disable page faults during direct I/O requests and implement the
same kind of retry logic as in the buffered I/O case.

Direct I/O requests differ from buffered I/O requests in that they use
bio_iov_iter_get_pages for grabbing page references and faulting in
pages instead of triggering physical page faults.  Those manual page
faults can be disabled with the new iocb->nofault flag.

This kind of locking problem in gfs2 was originally reported by Jan
Kara.  Linus came up with the proposal to disable page faults.  Many
thanks to Al Viro and Matthew Wilcox for their feedback.

Signed-off-by: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruenba redhat com>
---
 fs/gfs2/file.c | 99 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
 1 file changed, 87 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/gfs2/file.c b/fs/gfs2/file.c
index 8ca6bdba907c..2cf3466b9dde 100644
--- a/fs/gfs2/file.c
+++ b/fs/gfs2/file.c
@@ -811,22 +811,64 @@ static ssize_t gfs2_file_direct_read(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to,
 {
 	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
 	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(file->f_mapping->host);
-	size_t count = iov_iter_count(to);
+	size_t prev_count = 0, window_size = 0;
+	size_t written = 0;
 	ssize_t ret;
 
-	if (!count)
+	/*
+	 * In this function, we disable page faults when we're holding the
+	 * inode glock while doing I/O.  If a page fault occurs, we drop the
+	 * inode glock, fault in the pages manually, and retry.
+	 *
+	 * Unlike generic_file_read_iter, for reads, iomap_dio_rw can trigger
+	 * physical as well as manual page faults, and we need to disable both
+	 * kinds.
+	 *
+	 * For direct I/O, gfs2 takes the inode glock in deferred mode.  This
+	 * locking mode is compatible with other deferred holders, so multiple
+	 * processes and nodes can do direct I/O to a file at the same time.
+	 * There's no guarantee that reads or writes will be atomic.  Any
+	 * coordination among readers and writers needs to happen externally.
+	 */
+
+	if (!iov_iter_count(to))
 		return 0; /* skip atime */
 
 	gfs2_holder_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_DEFERRED, 0, gh);
+retry:
 	ret = gfs2_glock_nq(gh);
 	if (ret)
 		goto out_uninit;
+retry_under_glock:
+	pagefault_disable();
+	to->nofault = true;
+	ret = iomap_dio_rw(iocb, to, &gfs2_iomap_ops, NULL,
+			   IOMAP_DIO_PARTIAL, written);
+	to->nofault = false;
+	pagefault_enable();
+	if (ret > 0)
+		written = ret;
+
+	if (unlikely(iov_iter_count(to) && (ret > 0 || ret == -EFAULT)) &&
+	    should_fault_in_pages(to, &prev_count, &window_size)) {
+		size_t leftover;
 
-	ret = iomap_dio_rw(iocb, to, &gfs2_iomap_ops, NULL, 0, 0);
-	gfs2_glock_dq(gh);
+		gfs2_holder_allow_demote(gh);
+		leftover = fault_in_iov_iter_writeable(to, window_size);
+		gfs2_holder_disallow_demote(gh);
+		if (leftover != window_size) {
+			if (!gfs2_holder_queued(gh))
+				goto retry;
+			goto retry_under_glock;
+		}
+	}
+	if (gfs2_holder_queued(gh))
+		gfs2_glock_dq(gh);
 out_uninit:
 	gfs2_holder_uninit(gh);
-	return ret;
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+	return written;
 }
 
 static ssize_t gfs2_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from,
@@ -835,10 +877,19 @@ static ssize_t gfs2_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from,
 	struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
 	struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
 	struct gfs2_inode *ip = GFS2_I(inode);
-	size_t len = iov_iter_count(from);
-	loff_t offset = iocb->ki_pos;
+	size_t prev_count = 0, window_size = 0;
+	size_t read = 0;
 	ssize_t ret;
 
+	/*
+	 * In this function, we disable page faults when we're holding the
+	 * inode glock while doing I/O.  If a page fault occurs, we drop the
+	 * inode glock, fault in the pages manually, and retry.
+	 *
+	 * For writes, iomap_dio_rw only triggers manual page faults, so we
+	 * don't need to disable physical ones.
+	 */
+
 	/*
 	 * Deferred lock, even if its a write, since we do no allocation on
 	 * this path. All we need to change is the atime, and this lock mode
@@ -848,22 +899,46 @@ static ssize_t gfs2_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *from,
 	 * VFS does.
 	 */
 	gfs2_holder_init(ip->i_gl, LM_ST_DEFERRED, 0, gh);
+retry:
 	ret = gfs2_glock_nq(gh);
 	if (ret)
 		goto out_uninit;
-
+retry_under_glock:
 	/* Silently fall back to buffered I/O when writing beyond EOF */
-	if (offset + len > i_size_read(&ip->i_inode))
+	if (iocb->ki_pos + iov_iter_count(from) > i_size_read(&ip->i_inode))
 		goto out;
 
-	ret = iomap_dio_rw(iocb, from, &gfs2_iomap_ops, NULL, 0, 0);
+	from->nofault = true;
+	ret = iomap_dio_rw(iocb, from, &gfs2_iomap_ops, NULL,
+			   IOMAP_DIO_PARTIAL, read);
+	from->nofault = false;
+
 	if (ret == -ENOTBLK)
 		ret = 0;
+	if (ret > 0)
+		read = ret;
+
+	if (unlikely(iov_iter_count(from) && (ret > 0 || ret == -EFAULT)) &&
+	    should_fault_in_pages(from, &prev_count, &window_size)) {
+		size_t leftover;
+
+		gfs2_holder_allow_demote(gh);
+		leftover = fault_in_iov_iter_readable(from, window_size);
+		gfs2_holder_disallow_demote(gh);
+		if (leftover != window_size) {
+			if (!gfs2_holder_queued(gh))
+				goto retry;
+			goto retry_under_glock;
+		}
+	}
 out:
-	gfs2_glock_dq(gh);
+	if (gfs2_holder_queued(gh))
+		gfs2_glock_dq(gh);
 out_uninit:
 	gfs2_holder_uninit(gh);
-	return ret;
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+	return read;
 }
 
 static ssize_t gfs2_file_read_iter(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *to)
-- 
2.26.3


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