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Re: [dm-devel] FW: Use-after-free while dm-verity

Hi Hyeon,

On Thu, Aug 16, 2018 at 3:35 AM, 정혜연 <hyeon chung samsung com> wrote:



We found some async commit and are wondering if this could be make this issue or not.

I want to test after reverting this but I'm not sure it is ok to revert only this commit and when I revert it there's a conflict.


Could you please help me?

I am on vacation, so please excuse any delay in handling this. Luckily I have my laptop with me and will try to do me best to help.
The description below relates to "use-after-free". I just want to make sure I understand: does this relate to the memcpy after unmap, right?

Normally, I would say that since we use kmap_atomic to map the data, preemption should be disabled and scheduling should not happen, I believe.

I will only be able to take a look at the code in the evening, but in the mean time, can you verify the area the memcpy is applied to is mapped with kmap_atomic?



commit d1ac3ff008fb9a48f91fc15920b4c8db24c0f03e
Author: Gilad Ben-Yossef <gilad benyossef com>
Date:   Sun Feb 19 14:46:07 2017 +0200

    dm verity: switch to using asynchronous hash crypto API
    Use of the synchronous digest API limits dm-verity to using pure
    CPU based algorithm providers and rules out the use of off CPU
    algorithm providers which are normally asynchronous by nature,
    potentially freeing CPU cycles.
    This can reduce performance per Watt in situations such as during
    boot time when a lot of concurrent file accesses are made to the
    protected volume.
    Signed-off-by: Gilad Ben-Yossef <gilad benyossef com>
    CC: Eric Biggers <ebiggers3 gmail com>
    CC: Ondrej Mosn찼훾ek <omosnacek+linux-crypto gmail com>
    Tested-by: Milan Broz <gmazyland gmail com>
    Signed-off-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer redhat com>




정혜연 드림



--------- Original Message ---------

Sender : 정혜연 <hyeon chung samsung comPrincipal Engineer/Platform개발팀(S.LSI)/삼성전자

Date : 2018-08-14 17:34 (GMT+9)

Title : Use-after-free while dm-verity



I'm a samsung engineer who is responsible for dm-verity.


We just enabled dm-verity for android verfied boot 2.0 (using linux 4.14.56).

After enabling, we met kernel panic issue caused by dm-verity frequently and it always showed same call stack like below.


Could you please let me know If you know any similar issue or have any opinion?

If this mail list is not right, please forward proper person or let me know.


Thanks in advance.


< 4>[ 4686.384679]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] Workqueue: kverityd verity_work
< 4>[ 4686.384691]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] task: ffffffc8742a0080 task.stack: ffffff800b1d8000
< 4>[ 4686.384705]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] PC is at __memcpy+0x70/0x180
< 4>[ 4686.384718]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] LR is at crypto_sha1_update+0x94/0xe4


<4>[ 4686.387488]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff8008b07370>] __memcpy+0x70/0x180
< 4>[ 4686.387503]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff80083a0f6c>] crypto_shash_update+0x2c/0x34
< 4>[ 4686.387514]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff80083a12c0>] shash_ahash_update+0x3c/0x80
< 4>[ 4686.387525]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff80083a1638>] shash_async_update+0x10/0x18
< 4>[ 4686.387538]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff8008824974>] verity_hash_update+0x50/0xdc
< 4>[ 4686.387549]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff80088247c0>] verity_hash+0x58/0xa0
< 4>[ 4686.387560]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff8008824c98>] verity_verify_level+0xc4/0x190
< 4>[ 4686.387571]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff8008824bc4>] verity_hash_for_block+0xf0/0x100
< 4>[ 4686.387581]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff80088244c8>] fec_read_bufs+0x144/0x30c
< 4>[ 4686.387592]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff8008823730>] fec_decode_rsb+0x170/0x4bc
< 4>[ 4686.387603]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff8008823524>] verity_fec_decode+0xe8/0x184
< 4>[ 4686.387613]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff8008824d38>] verity_verify_level+0x164/0x190
< 4>[ 4686.387623]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff8008824bc4>] verity_hash_for_block+0xf0/0x100
< 4>[ 4686.387634]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff80088264cc>] verity_work+0xf8/0x308
< 4>[ 4686.387646]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff80080cb5ec>] process_one_work+0x2d4/0x608
< 4>[ 4686.387656]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff80080cbbf4>] worker_thread+0x220/0x340
< 4>[ 4686.387667]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff80080d0498>] kthread+0x11c/0x12c
< 4>[ 4686.387678]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] [<ffffff800808557c>] ret_from_fork+0x10/0x18
< 0>[ 4686.387690]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] Code: 54000080 540000ab a8c12027 a88120c7 (a8c12027)
< 4>[ 4686.387839]  [5:  kworker/u16:1:   58] ---[ end trace 54664349b0f9422c ]---



In memcopy function,

load x1 register successfully then context switched by scheduler.

After returning to same memcopy function, failed another x1 load becuase this is unmapped.(walk->data)

<1>[  889.732488]  [2:  kworker/u16:3:15332] Unable to handle kernel paging request at virtual address ffffffc00b6ad000


I suspect that this is not protected propely becuase callstack and problem (walk->data: use-after-free) is alwasys same.

1. shrink_node is executed on onther core at that time. Is it possible this make this problem?

2. I found that walk->data is unmapped by ahahs.c but I don't know whether this cause this unmapped situation or not.

if (walk->flags & CRYPTO_ALG_ASYNC)



Best Regards,

HyeYeon Chung




Gilad Ben-Yossef
Chief Coffee Drinker

values of β will give rise to dom!

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