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Re: inconsistent file content after killing nfs daemon


On Wed, Jan 09, 2002 at 06:05:30PM +0100, eric chacron wrote:
> Hi Stephen,
> I use ext3 with kernel 2.4.14. I'm happy to have verified that nfs+ext3
> in journal mode doesn't provide
> atomic write for the user point of view.
> My program writes sequential records of 64KB in a file through a nfs
> mount point. The blocks of data are
> initialized with a serie of integer: 1, 2, 3 ...
> I kill the nfsd daemons while two instance of the program are writing
> their 600 records of
> 64KB in two distinct files.
> Then using 'od' i look at the result, and i see some blocks of zero
> inside the file. The size of these zeroed blocks seems to be multiple
> of  h'4000.

NFS is a stateless protocol.  It has absolutely no serialisation or
ordering in the protocol, so a given set of application writes can
easily get reordered on the wire (especially if you are running over
UDP and encounter any dropped packets.)

The problem here is not ext3, but NFS.  NFS simply does not make any
ordering guarantees at all.

Is your application using O_SYNC or f[data]sync to impose ordering on
the data stream?


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