Mag Gam magawake at
Fri Jun 20 01:17:45 UTC 2008

What happens if you use a hardware raid, should the stride option be
considered? It seems you are referring to software raid, correct?

On Thu, Jun 19, 2008 at 7:42 AM, Theodore Tso <tytso at> wrote:

> On Thu, Jun 19, 2008 at 06:21:24AM -0400, Mag Gam wrote:
> > ok, in a way its like a stripe? I though when you do a stripe you put the
> > metadata on number of disks too. How is that different? Is there a
> diagram I
> > can refer to?
> Yes, which is why the mke2fs man page states:
>        stride=<stripe-size>
>                Configure  the  filesystem  for  a  RAID  array with
>                <stripe-size> filesystem blocks per stripe.
> So if the size of a stripe on each a disk is 64k, and you are using a
> 4k filesystem blocksize, then 64k/4k == 16, and that would be an
> "ideal" stride size, in that for each successive block group, the
> inode and block bitmap would increased by an offset of 16 blocks from
> the beginning of the block group.
> The reason for doing this is to avoid problems where the block bitmap
> ends up on the same disk for every single block group.  The classic
> case where this would happen is if you have a 5 disks in a RAID 5
> configuration, which means with 4 disks per stripe, and 8192 blocks in
> a blockgroup, then if the block bitmap is always at the same offset
> from the beginning of the block group, one disk will get all of the
> block bitmaps, and that ends up being a major hot spot problem for the
> hard drive.
> As it turns out, if you use 4 disks in a RAID 5 configuration, or 6
> disks in a RAID 5 configuration, this problem doesn't arise at all,
> and you don't need to use the stride option.  And in most cases,
> simply using a stride=1, that is actually enough to make sure that
> each block and inode bitmaps will get forced onto successively
> different disks.
> With ext4's flex_bg enhancement, the need to specify stride option of
> RAID arrays will also go away.
>                                                        - Ted
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