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Re: needs help, root inode gone after usb bus reset on sata disks

Theodore Tso wrote:
On Thu, May 29, 2008 at 10:15:08PM +0200, Jelle de Jong wrote:
I did the following:

debugfs -w /dev/sda1
debugfs: features dir_index filetype sparse_super
debugfs: quit

then i run

e2fsck -nf /dev/sda1

to see if it still wanted to relocate inodes. This was not the case anymore, however it still wanted to relocate the root inode...

I then run:

e2fsck -f /dev/sda1

and manual answer yes to the question until i had to enter a lot of "y" (see logs) and killed the program with ctrl-c

what answers did you answer yes to?  I don't have a log of your
"e2fsck -f /dev/sda1" run, and so I can't tell what happened.  The
e2fsck -fy run you gave me was large, but information-free, since it
just had pass #5 messages regarding adjusting accounting information.

If it was just deleting the root inode (because it was corrupted), and
creating a new root inode, that doesn't explain why all of the inodes
disappeared, unless the inode table had somehow gotten completely
zero'ed out

At this point, what I would probably suggest is that you run
	e2image -r /dev/hda1 - | bzip2 > hda1.e2i.bz2

... and put it someplace where I can download it and take a look at
what the heck happened to your filesystem.

By the way, please look at the "script" command ("man script"); it is
very handy for capturing a record of what an interactive session with
a program like e2fsck.

Thanks for all the info Ted,


I did some experimenting and to see if I can find some data on the disk by doing the below command on an unaltered backup:

e2fsck -fy /dev/sda1 > e2fsck-fy-info-sda1-v0.1.1j.txt 2>&1

However no files where found, so maybe something when wrong with the dd backup.

I don't now if there is a way to see if there is actual data on the disk.

So for now i am giving up on recovery the data, maybe you can get a glue of what the hack happened to the file system and learn something new...

The only thing i would like to now is how to backup and restore the filesystem. (for example i am going to setup a raid setup but this kind of file system crashes are not covered with a raid setup)

Thanks in advance,


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