Many orphaned inodes after resize2fs

Patrik Horník patrik at
Sat Apr 19 15:42:12 UTC 2014


so I patched it myself and confirmed that all errors were caused by this,
because patched version does not warn about any inode and about anything.
Thus it seems resize2fs did not harm the filesystem at all and it was all
because of the false positive in e2fsck.

I patched it by considering inode part of suspected corrupted orphan list
only if i_dtime is lower than specific constant around 1.1 bilion. This is
some time before creation of my filesystem. You can find patch against
1.42.9 attached.

Please confirm that this is fully correct solution (for my purpose, not
elegant clean way for official fix) and it has no negative consequences. It
seems that way but I did not analyze all code paths the fixed code is in.

BTW were there any other negative consequences of this bug in e2fsck except
changing i_dtime of inodes to current time?



2014-04-19 1:20 GMT+02:00 Patrik Horník <patrik at>:

> Hi,
> it seems you got it right! I don't know if you read email I sent you
> before posting to the mailing list, but I accidentally diagnosed the
> cause... :) I've noticed that inodes fsck warned me about, at least ones
> that I checked, all have all four timestamps latest in 2010...
> The filesystem has maximum 1281998848 inodes, which is timestamp in august
> 2010. I don't know how it got that big, I think I did not specified big
> value initially. But I've resized it couple of times. BTW what is default
> of group size / inode count ratio? Mine ratio is not at the maximum you
> mentioned, but it is not that far.
> So almost sure it is false positive by the code / bug in e2fsck/pass1.c
> around line 1070 in current version. I want to be sure that all these
> errors were caused by this, so can you please send me promptly patched
> version? I can easily patch it myself by some fixed condition, but I don't
> want miss something important... BTW maybe you can compare i_dtime with
> filesystem creation timestamp, so you dont have to put fixed number there.
> BTW I dont know specifics of ext3, I just looked at sources of kernel
> driver and e2fsprogs now. But what indicates that inode is / was created
> and valid ? (I did not need it to find problematic test you mentioned, did
> not see it in part of code I look at and it is not apparent to me from
> definition of struct ext3_inode).
> Thanks.
> Patrik
> 2014-04-18 22:20 GMT+02:00 <tytso at>:
> On Fri, Apr 18, 2014 at 06:56:57PM +0200, Patrik Horník wrote:
>> >
>> > yesterday I experienced following problem with my ext3 filesystem:
>> >
>> > - I had ext3 filesystem of the size of a few TB with journal. I
>> correctly
>> > unmounted it and it was marked clean.
>> >
>> > - I then ran fsck.etx3 -f on it and it did not find any problem.
>> >
>> > - After increasing size of its LVM volume by 1.5 TB I resized the
>> > filesystem by resize2fs lvm_volume and it finished without problem.
>> >
>> > - But fsck.ext3 -f immediately after that showed "Inodes that were part
>> of
>> > a corrupted orphan linked list found." and many thousands of "Inode XXX
>> was
>> > part of the orphaned inode list." I did not accepted fix. According to
>> > debugfs all the inodes I check from these reported orphaned inodes (I
>> > checked only some from beginning of list of errors) have size 0.
>> Can you send the output of dumpe2fs -h?  I'm curious how many inodes
>> you had after the resize, and what file system features might have
>> been enabled on your file system.
>> If the only file system corruption errors that you saw were from about
>> the corrupted orphan inode list, then things are probably OK.
>> What this error message means is that there are d_time values which
>> look like they belong to inode numbers (as opposed to number of
>> seconds since January 1, 1970).  So if you ran the system where the
>> clock was set incorrectly, so that the time was January 1, 1970, and
>> you delete a lot of files, you can run into this error --- it's
>> basically a sanity check that we put in a long time ago to catch
>> potential file system bugs caused by a corrupted orphan inode list.
>> I'm thinking that we should turn off this check if the e2fsck.conf
>> "broken_system_lock" is enabled, since if the system has a busted
>> system clock, this can end up triggering a bunch of scary warnings.
>> In any case, when you grew the size of the file system, this also
>> increased the number of inodes, which means it would increase the
>> sensitivity of hitting this bug.  It's also possible that if you
>> created your file system with the number of inodes per block group
>> close to the maximum (assuming an average file size 4k, which would be
>> highly wasteful of space, so it' s not the default), that you ended up
>> with the maximum number of inodes exceeding 1.2 or 1.3 billion inodes,
>> at which point it would trigger a false positive.  (And indeed, I
>> should probably put in a fix to e2fsprogs so that if a file system
>> does have more than 1.2 billion inodes, to disable this check.)
>> Cheers,
>>                                                 - Ted
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