questions regarding file-system optimization for sortware-RAID array
adilger at dilger.ca
Fri Mar 7 17:57:49 UTC 2014
Note that stride and stripe width only make sense for RAI-5/6 arrays.
For RAID-1 it doesn't really matter.
> On Mar 6, 2014, at 13:46, Martin T <m4rtntns at gmail.com> wrote:
> I created a RAID1 array of two physical HDD's with chunk size of 64KiB under Debian "wheezy" using mdadm. As a next step, I would like to create an ext3(or ext4) file-system to this RAID1 array using mke2fs utility. According to RAID-related tutorials, I should create the file-system like this:
> # mkfs.ext3 -v -L myarray -m 0.5 -b 4096 -E stride=16,stripe-width=32 /dev/md0
> 1) According to manual of mke2fs, value of the "stride" has to be the RAID chunk size in clusters. As I use chunk size of 64KiB, then I have to use "stride" value of 16(16*4096=65536). Why is it important for file-system to know the size of chunk used in RAID array? I know it improves the I/O performance, but why is this so?
> 2) If the "stride" size in my case is 16, then the "stripe_width=" is 32 because there are two drives in the array which contain the actual data. Manual page of the mke2fs explain this option as "This allows the block allocator to prevent read-modify-write of the parity in a RAID stripe if possible when the data is written.". How to understand this? What is this "read-modify-write" behavior? Could somebody explain this with an example?
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