Jim Cornette jim-cornette at sbcglobal.net
Fri Jun 18 00:18:05 UTC 2004

littleguru wrote:

> Hello
> I have several questons:
> 1-when I  start mylinux server and it said that it was not shutdown 
> properly , do you want to check ?
> but I ran fsck manually before and it shouldn't ask me any more. is 
> there any difference between fsck at startup and the one I ran in 
> maintenance mode, because the server couldnt boot and entered in 
> maintenace mode.

The easiest way to force your computer to do a filecheck is to run the 
below command as root.

shutdown now -Fr

This will reboot your computer, then force a filecheck.

Dropping into maint. mode could be caused by trying to mount a volume in 
/etc/fstab as a type that it is not. I believe setting the last two 
numbers to anything but zeroes will drop you to the shell.

> 2-In maintenance mode is it necessary to umount the device ?and how 
> can I find that which device is mounted ?

Run the command mount. This will give you an output with the currently 
mounted filesystems. I unmount the filesystems that I try to check. I 
believe that you will be prompted to unmount the partition before fscking.

As for 3 and 4, no real suggestions.

> 3- can I find another software other  than fsck  to check and solve 
> hardware problem ?
> I found knoppix but dont have any experience with that .
> 4-what is the best way to transfer data from crashed hard to the new one?
> fsdump ? or just cp ?I use fedora core one and need some thing that 
> untar or restore every thing
> on home directory .
> thanks for help

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