basic operations

G.Wolfe Woodbury ggw at
Fri Dec 2 18:57:11 UTC 2005

On Fri, Dec 02, 2005 at 08:33:25PM +0200, Phet Whore Meyer wrote:
> To whom it may concern,
> Ive recently left the dark and moved into linux, i just have this one query 
> for now:
> In windows all programs were installed into a folder called 'Program 
> Files', in linux, where is that equivelant folder? What is it called?
> I know that this question is fairly trivial, is there anywhere else i can 
> go to find out basic information such as this?
> I greatly appreciate the help.

There is a Windows-to-Linux HOWTO in the TLDP archives (google for The
Linux Documentation Project) that gives a lot of guidelines for those
migrating the way you are.

The basic executeables are in /bin;  userland executeables are in
/usr/bin; system executables are in /sbin and /usr/sbin;  personal
programs are in ~/bin  (home directory is refered to often as ~)

some programs end up in /usr/local/bin or /opt/bin.   a very few are
hidden in /lib and /usr/lib and some other places.

you can generally find where a command resides by typing

	type commandname

which will tell you where the command is. (Assumeing Bash shell)

A list of the commands built into the shell can be gotten by typing
"help" to the command prompt.  Non-builtin commands documentation is
available by typing "man commandname".

See the TLDP pages for more giudeance.

G.Wolfe Woodbury     `- -'
RHCT                   U
The Line Eater is a boojum!

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