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Re: "yum update" with most of the rpms already on a USB key?

On Tue, Mar 03, 2009 at 10:34:15AM +1100, Rodd Clarkson wrote:
> I can't help but wonder whether a useful feature on yum wouldn't be to
> have an option for one of the boxed in the local network to become a
> 'repo' of sorts.

It sounds to me that you would get really all what you desire
basically "for free" by NFS mounting 'packages' subdirectories of
/var/yum/cache/* from a common location and while configuring yum on
machines using that with "keepcache=1".  Metadata will remain
"private" on each machine.  You can also use 'autofs' with a timeout
to perform mountings on demand.

Of course it is advisable then to drop, from time to time, obsoleted
packages from such cached set.  Some years ago I wrote myself a
script which finds such old packages, comparing only within the same
architecture using mtime for that which worked the best in practice,
and later I rewrote that in Perl for speed.  It only lists its
finding and it is up to you what to do with these.  It is attached

#!/usr/bin/perl -w

# create list of older rpms to be replaced by newer packages
# Michal Jaegermann, michal harddata com, 2007/June/18

# pass a list of directories to operate on; if empty works
# on cwd.

# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
# any later version.

# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# GNU General Public License for more details.

# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
# 02110-1301, USA.

use strict;
use File::Find;

my $cwd = `pwd`;
chomp $cwd;
if (@ARGV) {
  @ARGV = grep( ! -f $_, @ARGV);  # ignore files - old scripts compatibility
  map { $_ = "$cwd/$_" unless m/^\//; } @ARGV;
$ARGV[0] = $cwd unless (@ARGV);

# print "@ARGV", "\n";
# exit;

my %fn = ();
my $cdir;

sub find_older {
  # sort packages on mtime and drop the newest one
  my $pkg = shift;
  my $count = shift;
  my ($arch, $fname, $rel, $ver);
  my $mtime;
  my @names = ();
  my %time;
  ($pkg, $arch) = ($pkg =~ m/^(.+)\.([^.]+)$/);
  while ($count > 0) {
    $ver = shift;
    $rel = shift;
    next unless defined $ver and defined $rel;
    $fname = "$pkg-$ver-$rel.$arch.rpm";
    next unless -e "$cdir/$fname";
     undef,$mtime,undef,undef,undef) = stat "$cdir/$fname";
    $time{$mtime} = $fname;
  for $mtime (sort {$a <=> $b} keys %time) {
    push @names, $time{$mtime};
  pop @names;
  return  @names;

sub process_packages {
  # only if a package shows up with different release-version
  # bother to look which are older and show a list of
  # all packages which can be removed
  my @oldpacks;
  return unless defined $cdir;
  foreach my $pkg ( keys %fn) {
    next if $fn{$pkg}[0] == 1;
    @oldpacks = find_older $pkg, @{ $fn{$pkg} };
    foreach (@oldpacks) {
      print "$cdir/$_\n";

sub worker {
  # create table indexed by a package name (with arch as a part
  # of this name) counting how many different versions and releases
  # we got
  my ($pname, $ver, $rel, $arch);
  if (-d ) {
    # new directory - process what we collected so far
    %fn = ();
    undef $cdir;
  else {
    $cdir = $File::Find::dir unless defined $cdir;
    ($pname, $ver, $rel) = m/^(.+)-([^-]+)-([^-]+)\.rpm$/;
    return unless defined $rel and defined $ver and defined $pname;
    ($rel, $arch) = ($rel =~ m/^(.+)\.([^.]+)$/);
    return unless defined $rel and defined $arch;
    $pname .= ".$arch";
    if (exists $fn{$pname}) {
      $fn{$pname}[0] += 1;
      push @{ $fn{$pname} }, $ver, $rel;
    else {
      $fn{$pname} = [1, $ver, $rel];

find \&worker, @ARGV;

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