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[Libguestfs] [PATCH nbdkit] server: utils: Fix nbdkit_parse_size to correctly handle negative values



From: Nikolay Ivanets <stenavin gmail com>

nbdkit_parse_size() uses strtoumax() function to parse input strings
which states:

"if there was a leading minus sign, the negation of the result of the
conversion represented as an unsigned value, unless the original
(nonnegated) value would overflow."

Later validation doesn't catch the situation when parsed value is
within the valid range but original string passed to a function
represented negative number.

Thus nbdkit_parse_size() incorrectly parsed values in a range
[-UINT64_MAX; INT64_MIN -1] translating them into an unsigned range
of a valid values: [1; INT64_MAX].

In this patch:

1. strtoll() is used instead of strtoumax() to reflect the nature
of the 'size' which cannot be negative and isn't expected to exceed
INT64_MAX.
2. Error reporting separates cases where the string is parsed to a
negative value or parsed value overflows (greater then INT64_MAX).

Tests:

1. Some more tests were added to cover found bug.
2. Input strings where grouped into a set which lead to
valid/invalid/negative/overflow result.
3. Some strings with a leading '+' sign were added.
---
 server/test-utils.c | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 server/utils.c      | 19 ++++++++++++++-----
 2 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/server/test-utils.c b/server/test-utils.c
index f51f63a..3965fd3 100644
--- a/server/test-utils.c
+++ b/server/test-utils.c
@@ -62,14 +62,26 @@ test_nbdkit_parse_size (void)
     { "0x0", -1 },
     { "garbage", -1 },
     { "0garbage", -1 },
-    { "-1", -1 },
-    { "-2", -1 },
-    { "9223372036854775808", -1 },
-    { "-9223372036854775808", -1 },
     { "8E", -1 },
     { "8192P", -1 },
+
+    /* Strings leading to overflow */
+    { "9223372036854775808", -1 }, /* INT_MAX + 1 */
+    { "18446744073709551614", -1 }, /* UINT64_MAX - 1 */
+    { "18446744073709551615", -1 }, /* UINT64_MAX */
+    { "18446744073709551616", -1 }, /* UINT64_MAX + 1 */
     { "999999999999999999999999", -1 },
 
+    /* Strings representing negative values */
+    { "-1", -1 },
+    { "-2", -1 },
+    { "-9223372036854775809", -1 }, /* INT64_MIN - 1 */
+    { "-9223372036854775808", -1 }, /* INT64_MIN */
+    { "-9223372036854775807", -1 }, /* INT64_MIN + 1 */
+    { "-18446744073709551616", -1 }, /* -UINT64_MAX - 1 */
+    { "-18446744073709551615", -1 }, /* -UINT64_MAX */
+    { "-18446744073709551614", -1 }, /* -UINT64_MAX + 1 */
+
     /* Strings we may want to support in the future */
     { "M", -1 },
     { "1MB", -1 },
@@ -77,8 +89,14 @@ test_nbdkit_parse_size (void)
     { "1.5M", -1 },
 
     /* Valid strings */
+    { "-0", 0 },
     { "0", 0 },
+    { "+0", 0 },
     { " 08", 8 },
+    { "1", 1 },
+    { "+1", 1 },    
+    { "1234567890", 1234567890 },
+    { "+1234567890", 1234567890 },    
     { "9223372036854775807", INT64_MAX },
     { "1s", 512 },
     { "2S", 1024 },
@@ -88,12 +106,14 @@ test_nbdkit_parse_size (void)
     { "1K", 1024 },
     { "1m", 1024 * 1024 },
     { "1M", 1024 * 1024 },
+    { "+1M", 1024 * 1024 },    
     { "1g", 1024 * 1024 * 1024 },
     { "1G", 1024 * 1024 * 1024 },
     { "1t", 1024LL * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 },
     { "1T", 1024LL * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 },
     { "1p", 1024LL * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 },
     { "1P", 1024LL * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 },
+    { "8191p", 1024LL * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 * 8191 },
     { "1e", 1024LL * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 },
     { "1E", 1024LL * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 * 1024 },
   };
diff --git a/server/utils.c b/server/utils.c
index 18011fd..d711b88 100644
--- a/server/utils.c
+++ b/server/utils.c
@@ -88,21 +88,30 @@ nbdkit_absolute_path (const char *path)
 int64_t
 nbdkit_parse_size (const char *str)
 {
-  uint64_t size;
+  int64_t size;
   char *end;
   uint64_t scale = 1;
 
-  /* Disk sizes cannot usefully exceed off_t (which is signed), so
-   * scan unsigned, then range check later that result fits.  */
+  /* Disk sizes cannot usefully exceed off_t (which is signed) and
+   * cannot be negative.  */
   /* XXX Should we also parse things like '1.5M'? */
   /* XXX Should we allow hex? If so, hex cannot use scaling suffixes,
    * because some of them are valid hex digits */
   errno = 0;
-  size = strtoumax (str, &end, 10);
-  if (errno || str == end) {
+  size = strtoll (str, &end, 10);
+  if (str == end) {
     nbdkit_error ("could not parse size string (%s)", str);
     return -1;
   }
+  if (size < 0) {
+    nbdkit_error ("size cannot be negative (%s)", str);
+    return -1;
+  }
+  if (errno) {
+    nbdkit_error ("size exceeds maximum value (%s)", str);
+    return -1;
+  }
+
   switch (*end) {
     /* No suffix */
   case '\0':
-- 
2.17.2


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