[libvirt] [PATCH] 0/8 logging infrastructure for libvirt[d]

Daniel Veillard veillard at redhat.com
Wed Dec 17 15:06:38 UTC 2008

  the following set of patches implement the logging infrastructure
based on the discussion about it last month. It is based on the
following interfaces, and in a large part reflects the log4j principles.

4 level of logging priorities:

typedef enum {
    VIR_LOG_DEBUG = 1,
} virLogPriority;

An output is a channel to output logging informations and a filter is a
rule to allow or not log information to flow through.
At any given time a set of output and filters can be defined though
a public API (but I didn't put them yet in libvirt.h
that's still confined in logging.h ATM)

 * virLogOutputFunc:
 * @data: extra output logging data
 * @category: the category for the message
 * @priority: the priority for the message
 * @msg: the message to log, preformatted and zero terminated
 * @len: the lenght of the message in bytes without the terminating zero
 * Callback function used to output messages
 * Returns the number of bytes written or -1 in case of error
typedef int (*virLogOutputFunc) (void *data, const char *category,
                                 int priority, const char *str, int len);

 * virLogCloseFunc:
 * @data: extra output logging data
 * Callback function used to close a log output
typedef void (*virLogCloseFunc) (void *data);

extern int virLogSetDefaultPriority(int priority);
extern int virLogDefineFilter(const char *match, int priority, int
extern int virLogDefineOutput(virLogOutputFunc f, virLogCloseFunc c,
                              void *data, int priority, int flags);

  The default priority allows to set a default level of logging,
individual logs matching filters will follow the rules defined for the
filters, i.e. if the logged data is of a lower level than what the
first filter matching it then it is dropped.

  The internal APIs defines a function to log a message:

extern void virLogMessage(const char *category, int priority, int flags,
                          const char *fmt, ...);

the category is in general the file name as defined by __FILE__
The matching is done against the category based on a substring,
for example "xen" would match all logs emitted by
  xend_internal.c  xen_inotify.c  xen_internal.c  xen_unified.c

Something more complex could be defined for example matching based on
regexp or based on the full message content and not just the category
but this gets heavier and could be done later using specific flags
in virLogDefineFilter.

The preferred user interface for setting the output and filters
is through environment variables for application linking to libvirt
   LIBVIRT_DEBUG         defines the default logging level from 1 to 4
   LIBVIRT_LOG_FILTERS   defines the set filters
   LIBVIRT_LOG_OUTPUTS   defines the set outputs
and though the configuration file libvirtd.conf for the daemon with
the corresponding values:

The convenience internal functions virLogParseFilters and
virLogParseOutputs parse the format of the values for filters and
outputs, so they share the same format explained in libvirtd.conf:

# Logging filters:
# A filter allows to select a different logging level for a given
# of logs
# The format for a filter is:
#    x:name
#      where name is a match string e.g. remote or qemu
# the x prefix is the minimal level where matching messages should be
#    1: DEBUG
#    2: INFO
#    3: WARNING
#    4: ERROR
# Multiple filter can be defined in a single @filters, they just need
to be
# separated by spaces.
# e.g:
# log_filters="3:remote 4:event"
# to only get warning or errors from the remote layer and only errors
# the event layer.

# Logging outputs:
# An output is one of the places to save logging informations
# The format for an output can be:
#    x:stderr
#      output goes to stderr
#    x:syslog:name
#      use syslog for the output and use the given name as the ident
#    x:file:file_path
#      output to a file, with the given filepath
# In all case the x prefix is the minimal level, acting as a filter
#    0: everything
#    1: DEBUG
#    2: INFO
#    3: WARNING
#    4: ERROR
# Multiple output can be defined , they just need to be separated by
# e.g.:
# log_outputs="3:syslog:libvirtd"
# to log all warnings and errors to syslog under the libvirtd ident

  In practice
   export LIBVIRT_DEBUG=1
   export LIBVIRT_LOG_OUTPUTS="0:file:virsh.log"
and then running virsh will accumulate all logging to the virsh.log
file in the current directory.

  One thing which I feel is somewhat incomplete is that it's impossible
to remotely get debugging output from the libvirt daemon serving the
requests. Currently all logs are also accumulated in a cyclic logging
buffer, I would associate a dump function later to be hooked for example
to a signal handler in the daemon. But I'm unsure we should allow
dumping logging information to the remote end, probably not the whole
  So there is still room for a bit more development, but I think it's
usable as-is and already cleans quite a bit of the various logging
interface scattered in the various modules.


Daniel Veillard      | libxml Gnome XML XSLT toolkit  http://xmlsoft.org/
daniel at veillard.com  | Rpmfind RPM search engine http://rpmfind.net/
http://veillard.com/ | virtualization library  http://libvirt.org/

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