[libvirt] [BUG,RFC] directory traversal vulnerability / qemu: name→uuid
Daniel P. Berrange
berrange at redhat.com
Mon Sep 12 14:51:37 UTC 2011
On Tue, Sep 13, 2011 at 12:43:07AM +1000, dave bl wrote:
> On 12 September 2011 23:10, Daniel P. Berrange <berrange at redhat.com> wrote:
> > On Wed, Sep 07, 2011 at 03:02:51PM +0100, Eric Blake wrote:
> >> On 09/07/2011 11:12 AM, Philipp Hahn wrote:
> >> >Hello,
> >> >
> >> >I just tried the following command with libvirt-0.9.5git:
> >> ># virsh snapshot-create "$VM" /dev/stdin
> >> ><<<'<domainsnapshot><name>../../../../../../etc/passwd</name></domainsnapshot>'
> >> >
> >> >"Luckily" it adds a .xml suffix, but this still looks like a security problem
> >> >to me, because you can overwrite any .xml-file with libvirt gibberish.
> >> >Actually this was found by a user trying to create a snapshot with an
> >> >embedded /, which didn't work, because the sub-directory didn't exist. I know
> >> >SELinux can solve this, but I really would prefer the Qemu driver to reject
> >> >such names.
> >> Qemu won't reject names with /, but I agree with your thought that
> >> libvirt needs to prevent such names, particularly since it creates
> >> several other file names (such as log files, managed save,
> >> snapshots, and even the monitor file) all based on the domain name.
> >> >
> >> >Another problem is, that I sometimes would like to rename a VM to a new name,
> >> >because the old name doesn't describe the VM good enough.<description> is
> >> >not an option, because 1) Xen doesn't store it, and 2) virsh list doesn't
> >> >show it.
> >> Adding a virDomainRename command would indeed be a nice API
> >> addition, but it certainly involves quite a bit of work.
> >> >Renaming a Qemu-VM is currently impossible, since the name of the VM is used
> >> >for several files and directories and a undefine+define would loose state:
> >> > /etc/libvirt/qemu/$VM.xml
> >> > /var/lib/libvirt/qemu/$VM.monitor
> >> > /var/lib/libvirt/qemu/save/$VM.save
> >> > /var/lib/libvirt/qemu/snapshot/$VM/$SNAPSHOT.xml
> >> All of these files would have to be edited as part of a
> >> virDomainRename. You are also missing:
> >> /var/log/libvirt/qemu/$VM.log
> >> >Would it be possible and feasible to convert the Qemu driver to use the UUID
> >> >instead for file and directory naming?
> >> Maybe, but I prefer seeing files by name rather than by UUID when
> >> browsing through the libvirt internal directories. If we supported
> >> renaming, and properly altered the name of all affected files, then
> >> I see no reason to keep the files by name instead of uuid.
> > I really don't like the idea of using UUID for files we store on disk
> > because it makes it really unpleasant when debugging / troubleshooting.
> > Clearly we should forbid '/' in any guest name though. In addition
> > libvirt code should not be using the shell when running commands,
> > so we avoid the shell meta-charcter problem already.
> > Note, that this isn't a serious security flaw at this time, since access
> > to a privileged libvirtd daemon is already effectively equivalent to
> > having a root shell. Only once we get RBAC controls would this kind of
> > thing be able to be used for privilege escalation / DOS.
> "Access to a privileged libvirtd daemon is already effectively
> equivalent to having a root shell" --> why is this?
Consider your host OS root filesystem is on a disk /dev/hda. You can
start a guest, adding in an extra disk
And now when booted your guest will see the host's /dev/hda block device
appearing as /dev/vdb in the guest, at which point it can mess with the
The current libvirt security model is *not* attempting to protect the
host OS , from a malicious host OS administrator. It only attempts to
protect the host OS from a malicious guest OS.
The RBAC stuff I mention above is a plan to add protection against
malicious host OS admins.
 Technically this isn't quite true. If you run libvirt on a host with
the SELinux MLS policy, then there is some level of protection, but
no one really uses that in the real world, except for perhaps some
super paranoid government agencies
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