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[libvirt] [PATCH v3 10/18] blockcopy: allow block device destination



To date, anyone performing a block copy and pivot ends up with
the destination being treated as <disk type='file'>.  While this
works for data access for a block device, it has at least one
noticeable shortcoming: virDomainGetBlockInfo() reports allocation
differently for block devices visited as files (the size of the
device) than for block devices visited as <disk type='block'>
(the maximum sector used, as reported by qemu); and this difference
is significant when trying to manage qcow2 format on block devices
that can be grown as needed.

Of course, the more powerful virDomainBlockCopy() API can already
express the ability to set the <disk> type.  But a new API can't
be backported, while a new flag to an existing API can; and it is
also rather inconvenient to have to resort to the full power of
generating XML when just adding a flag to the older call will do
the trick.  So this patch enhances blockcopy to let the user flag
when the resulting XML after the copy must list the device as
type='block'.

* include/libvirt/libvirt.h.in (VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_DEV):
New flag.
* src/libvirt.c (virDomainBlockRebase): Document it.
* tools/virsh-domain.c (opts_block_copy, blockJobImpl): Add
--blockdev option.
* tools/virsh.pod (blockcopy): Document it.
* src/qemu/qemu_driver.c (qemuDomainBlockRebase): Allow new flag.
(qemuDomainBlockCopy): Remember the flag, and make sure it is only
used on actual block devices.
* tests/qemuxml2argvdata/qemuxml2argv-disk-mirror.xml: Test it.

Signed-off-by: Eric Blake <eblake redhat com>
---
 include/libvirt/libvirt.h.in                       |  2 ++
 src/libvirt.c                                      |  8 +++--
 src/qemu/qemu_driver.c                             | 36 ++++++++++++++--------
 .../qemuxml2argvdata/qemuxml2argv-disk-mirror.xml  |  4 +--
 tools/virsh-domain.c                               |  6 ++++
 tools/virsh.pod                                    |  7 +++--
 6 files changed, 45 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/libvirt/libvirt.h.in b/include/libvirt/libvirt.h.in
index 6d0c042..aced31c 100644
--- a/include/libvirt/libvirt.h.in
+++ b/include/libvirt/libvirt.h.in
@@ -2638,6 +2638,8 @@ typedef enum {
     VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_RELATIVE  = 1 << 4, /* Keep backing chain
                                                    referenced using relative
                                                    names */
+    VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_DEV  = 1 << 5, /* Treat destination as block
+                                                   device instead of file */
 } virDomainBlockRebaseFlags;

 int           virDomainBlockRebase(virDomainPtr dom, const char *disk,
diff --git a/src/libvirt.c b/src/libvirt.c
index b00ee16..4806535 100644
--- a/src/libvirt.c
+++ b/src/libvirt.c
@@ -19885,7 +19885,10 @@ virDomainBlockPull(virDomainPtr dom, const char *disk,
  * pre-create files with relative backing file names, rather than the default
  * of absolute backing file names; as a security precaution, you should
  * generally only use reuse_ext with the shallow flag and a non-raw
- * destination file.
+ * destination file.  By default, the copy destination will be treated as
+ * type='file', but using VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_DEV treats the
+ * destination as type='block' (affecting how virDomainGetBlockInfo() will
+ * report allocation after pivoting).
  *
  * A copy job has two parts; in the first phase, the @bandwidth parameter
  * affects how fast the source is pulled into the destination, and the job
@@ -19960,7 +19963,8 @@ virDomainBlockRebase(virDomainPtr dom, const char *disk,
         virCheckNonNullArgGoto(base, error);
     } else if (flags & (VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_SHALLOW |
                         VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_REUSE_EXT |
-                        VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_RAW)) {
+                        VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_RAW |
+                        VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_DEV)) {
         virReportInvalidArg(flags,
                             _("use of flags in %s requires a copy job"),
                             __FUNCTION__);
diff --git a/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c b/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
index 1ad682f..946c384 100644
--- a/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
+++ b/src/qemu/qemu_driver.c
@@ -15370,7 +15370,8 @@ qemuDomainBlockCopy(virDomainObjPtr vm,

     /* Preliminaries: find the disk we are editing, sanity checks */
     virCheckFlags(VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_SHALLOW |
-                  VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_REUSE_EXT, -1);
+                  VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_REUSE_EXT |
+                  VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_DEV, -1);

     priv = vm->privateData;
     cfg = virQEMUDriverGetConfig(driver);
@@ -15431,25 +15432,34 @@ qemuDomainBlockCopy(virDomainObjPtr vm,
             virReportSystemError(errno, _("unable to stat for disk %s: %s"),
                                  disk->dst, dest);
             goto endjob;
-        } else if (flags & VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_REUSE_EXT) {
+        } else if (flags & (VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_REUSE_EXT |
+                            VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_DEV)) {
             virReportSystemError(errno,
                                  _("missing destination file for disk %s: %s"),
                                  disk->dst, dest);
             goto endjob;
         }
-    } else if (!S_ISBLK(st.st_mode) && st.st_size &&
-               !(flags & VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_REUSE_EXT)) {
-        virReportError(VIR_ERR_CONFIG_UNSUPPORTED,
-                       _("external destination file for disk %s already "
-                         "exists and is not a block device: %s"),
-                       disk->dst, dest);
-        goto endjob;
+    } else if (!S_ISBLK(st.st_mode)) {
+        if (st.st_size && !(flags & VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_REUSE_EXT)) {
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_CONFIG_UNSUPPORTED,
+                           _("external destination file for disk %s already "
+                             "exists and is not a block device: %s"),
+                           disk->dst, dest);
+            goto endjob;
+        }
+        if (flags & VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_DEV) {
+            virReportError(VIR_ERR_INVALID_ARG,
+                           _("blockdev flag requested for disk %s, but file "
+                             "'%s' is not a block device"), disk->dst, dest);
+            goto endjob;
+        }
     }

     if (VIR_ALLOC(mirror) < 0)
         goto endjob;
     /* XXX Allow non-file mirror destinations */
-    mirror->type = VIR_STORAGE_TYPE_FILE;
+    mirror->type = flags & VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_DEV ?
+        VIR_STORAGE_TYPE_BLOCK : VIR_STORAGE_TYPE_FILE;

     if (format) {
         if ((mirror->format = virStorageFileFormatTypeFromString(format)) <= 0) {
@@ -15544,7 +15554,8 @@ qemuDomainBlockRebase(virDomainPtr dom, const char *path, const char *base,
                   VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_REUSE_EXT |
                   VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY |
                   VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_RAW |
-                  VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_RELATIVE, -1);
+                  VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_RELATIVE |
+                  VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_DEV, -1);

     if (!(vm = qemuDomObjFromDomain(dom)))
         return -1;
@@ -15581,7 +15592,8 @@ qemuDomainBlockRebase(virDomainPtr dom, const char *path, const char *base,
     }

     flags &= (VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_SHALLOW |
-              VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_REUSE_EXT);
+              VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_REUSE_EXT |
+              VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_DEV);
     ret = qemuDomainBlockCopy(vm, dom->conn, path, base, format,
                               bandwidth, flags);
     vm = NULL;
diff --git a/tests/qemuxml2argvdata/qemuxml2argv-disk-mirror.xml b/tests/qemuxml2argvdata/qemuxml2argv-disk-mirror.xml
index 46f2a3e..7495a45 100644
--- a/tests/qemuxml2argvdata/qemuxml2argv-disk-mirror.xml
+++ b/tests/qemuxml2argvdata/qemuxml2argv-disk-mirror.xml
@@ -17,8 +17,8 @@
     <disk type='block' device='disk'>
       <source dev='/dev/HostVG/QEMUGuest1'/>
       <backingStore/>
-      <mirror type='file' file='/dev/HostVG/QEMUGuest1Copy' job='copy' ready='yes'>
-        <source file='/dev/HostVG/QEMUGuest1Copy'/>
+      <mirror type='block' job='copy' ready='yes'>
+        <source dev='/dev/HostVG/QEMUGuest1Copy'/>
       </mirror>
       <target dev='hda' bus='ide'/>
       <address type='drive' controller='0' bus='0' target='0' unit='0'/>
diff --git a/tools/virsh-domain.c b/tools/virsh-domain.c
index eb3ed15..813d8e0 100644
--- a/tools/virsh-domain.c
+++ b/tools/virsh-domain.c
@@ -1544,6 +1544,8 @@ blockJobImpl(vshControl *ctl, const vshCmd *cmd,
             flags |= VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_REUSE_EXT;
         if (vshCommandOptBool(cmd, "raw"))
             flags |= VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_RAW;
+        if (vshCommandOptBool(cmd, "blockdev"))
+            flags |= VIR_DOMAIN_BLOCK_REBASE_COPY_DEV;
         if (vshCommandOptStringReq(ctl, cmd, "dest", &base) < 0)
             goto cleanup;
         if (virDomainBlockRebase(dom, path, base, bandwidth, flags) < 0)
@@ -1855,6 +1857,10 @@ static const vshCmdOptDef opts_block_copy[] = {
      .type = VSH_OT_BOOL,
      .help = N_("use raw destination file")
     },
+    {.name = "blockdev",
+     .type = VSH_OT_BOOL,
+     .help = N_("copy destination is block device instead of regular file")
+    },
     {.name = "wait",
      .type = VSH_OT_BOOL,
      .help = N_("wait for job to reach mirroring phase")
diff --git a/tools/virsh.pod b/tools/virsh.pod
index 406de5c..2923fd9 100644
--- a/tools/virsh.pod
+++ b/tools/virsh.pod
@@ -899,7 +899,8 @@ unlimited. The hypervisor can choose whether to reject the value or
 convert it to the maximum value allowed.

 =item B<blockcopy> I<domain> I<path> I<dest> [I<bandwidth>] [I<--shallow>]
-[I<--reuse-external>] [I<--raw>] [I<--wait> [I<--async>] [I<--verbose>]]
+[I<--reuse-external>] [I<--raw>] [I<--blockdev>]
+[I<--wait> [I<--async>] [I<--verbose>]]
 [{I<--pivot> | I<--finish>}] [I<--timeout> B<seconds>]

 Copy a disk backing image chain to I<dest>. By default, this command
@@ -917,7 +918,9 @@ The format of the destination is determined by the first match in the
 following list: if I<--raw> is specified, it will be raw; if
 I<--reuse-external> is specified, the existing destination is probed
 for a format; and in all other cases, the destination format will
-match the source format.
+match the source format.  The destination is treated as a regular
+file unless I<--blockdev> is used to signal that it is a block
+device.

 By default, the copy job runs in the background, and consists of two
 phases.  Initially, the job must copy all data from the source, and
-- 
1.9.3


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