[libvirt] [PATCH] cpu: add 'amd-ssbd' and 'amd-no-ssb' CPU features (CVE-2018-3639)

Daniel P. Berrangé berrange at redhat.com
Thu Jun 14 10:48:41 UTC 2018

AMD x86 CPUs have two separate ways to mitigate the Speculative Store
Bypass hardware flaw. In current processors only non-architectural MSRs
are available, and so hypervisors must expose a virtualized MSR and CPU
flag "virt-ssbd" (CPUID Function 8000_0008, EBX[25]=1).

In future processors AMD will provide an architectural MSR, indicated by
existance of the CPUID Function 8000_0008, EBX[24]=1, to which QEMU has
given the name "amd-ssbd".

The "amd-ssbd" flag should be used in preference to "virt-ssbd", if it
is available, since it provides improved performance. For virtual
machine configuration, both should be exposed when available, to allow
for maximal guest OS compatibility as not all guests yet support both.

If future processes are not vulnerable to the flaw, this will be
indicated by the existance of CPUID Function 8000_0008, EBX[26]=1,
to which QEMU has given the name "amd-no-ssb".

See also 124441_AMD64_SpeculativeStoreBypassDisable_Whitepaper_final.pdf


Note that neither amd-ssbd or amd-no-ssb will be reported by the kernel
in /proc/cpuinfo. It knows about these CPUID bits and does the right thing,
but doesn't report their existance as distinct flags in /proc/cpuinfo.

Signed-off-by: Daniel P. Berrangé <berrange at redhat.com>
 src/cpu/cpu_map.xml | 6 ++++++
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)

diff --git a/src/cpu/cpu_map.xml b/src/cpu/cpu_map.xml
index 96daa0f9af..9af190a579 100644
--- a/src/cpu/cpu_map.xml
+++ b/src/cpu/cpu_map.xml
@@ -433,9 +433,15 @@
     <feature name='ibpb'>
       <cpuid eax_in='0x80000008' ebx='0x00001000'/>
+    <feature name='amd-ssbd'>
+      <cpuid eax_in='0x80000008' ebx='0x01000000'/>
+    </feature>
     <feature name='virt-ssbd'>
       <cpuid eax_in='0x80000008' ebx='0x02000000'/>
+    <feature name='amd-no-ssb'>
+      <cpuid eax_in='0x80000008' ebx='0x04000000'/>
+    </feature>
     <!-- models -->
     <model name='486'>

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