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Re: [libvirt-users] libvirt beginner needs to create and start VMs entirely on command line



Thanks for replying.  Good info so far.

 

After I start the VM, I’m going to need to see the boot console, and I’ll need to ssh into it with a hostname or IP.  What are some required steps for those needs?

 

This VM is going to need to access a few associated networks.  I can see that the “networks” option is part of the interface for configuring this.  What are some things I’ll have to do for this?

 

From: Jeff Tchang [mailto:jeff tchang gmail com]
Sent: Thursday, July 09, 2015 11:21 AM
To: KARR, DAVID
Cc: libvirt-users redhat com
Subject: Re: [libvirt-users] libvirt beginner needs to create and start VMs entirely on command line

 

I actually find I do almost all my VM management inside the virsh command.

If the VM appears to exist inside virsh but is in a shut off state then you should try to start it.

 

VNC can also be SSH port forwarded (which I have done before).

 

Not sure if this will help but this is the command I use to create VMs:

 

virt-install \

  --name example \

  --vcpus=4 \

  --disk /data/example,size=80 \

  --ram 2048 \

  --graphics vnc,password=**********,listen=0.0.0.0,port=15916 \

  --accelerate \

  --cdrom /var/kvm/ubuntu-14.04.1-server-amd64-autoinstall.iso \

  --os-type=linux \

  --noautoconsole \

  --network network=default \

  --boot cdrom,fd,hd,network,menu=off

 

I also edit the XML file sometimes. Notice I have the autoinstall iso. Basically I went through and created a ks.cfg file after extracting the ISO file to a directory. Then I ran a command like this:

mkisofs -D -r -V "auto install" -cache-inodes -J -l -b isolinux/isolinux.bin -c isolinux/boot.cat -no-emul-boot -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table -o /var/kvm/ubuntu-14.04.1-server-amd64-autoinstall.iso /root/serveriso

 

 

On Thu, Jul 9, 2015 at 10:57 AM, KARR, DAVID <dk068x att com> wrote:

I'm a beginner to libvirt and creating VMs, for that matter.  I have a set of specifications for VMs I need to create and log into, but I have to create them on an Ubuntu box that I only have ssh access to.  I won't have desktop GUI access, although I do have dynamic port forwarding, so I can access a browser GUI from my desktop.

Reading through the libvirt info, I see numerous mentions about using VNC to do additional work, but I won't be able to use VNC (not allowed within our firewall).

I could use some advice on how to move forward with this.  I've started at https://help.ubuntu.com/lts/serverguide/libvirt.html for initial information.

I managed to create a disk image for my first VM, and I believe I created the first VM using an ISO (based on CentOS, I believe), but I'll probably have to rebuild that, because I think I have to configure networks on the VM, which I didn't do on initial creation.  I was confused by the initial results from "virt-install", because it seemed to hang after a second or two (I posted this SO question about this: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/31302871/trouble-using-virt-install-on-ubuntu-to-create-vm-just-hangs-after-displaying ).  The reply from this makes it seem like it was trying to present a GUI for next steps, but I of course never saw that.  The VM appears to exist, but in a "shut off" state.

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