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Re: [libvirt-users] Networking issues with lxc containers in AWS EC2

On 04/07/2016 09:50 AM, Peter Steele wrote:
On 04/02/2016 05:20 PM, Laine Stump wrote:
You say they can talk among containers on the same host, and with their
own host (I guess you mean the virtual machine that is hosting the
containers), but not to containers on another host. Can the containers
communicate outside of the host at all? If not, perhaps the problem is
iptables rules for the bridge device the containers are using - try
running this command:

  sysctl net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables

If that returns:

  net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1

then run this command and see if the containers can now communicate with
the outside:

  sysctl -w net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables=0

This key doesn't exist in the CentOS 7 image I'm running.

Interesting. That functionality was moved out of the kernel's bridge module into br_netfilter some time back, but that was done later than the kernel 3.10 that is used by CentOS 7. Are you running some later kernel version?

If your kernel doesn't have a message in dmesg that looks like this:

   bridge: automatic filtering via arp/ip/ip6tables has been deprecated.
   Update your scripts to load br_netfilter if you need this.

and the bridge driver is loaded, then that key should be available. Of course if you don't have it, that's equivalent to having it set to 0, so you should be okay regardless of why it's missing.

I do have a bridge interface defined of course, although we do not run iptables. We don't need this service when running our software on premise. Actually, in CentOS 7 the iptables service doesn't exist; there's a new service called firewalld that serves the same purpose. We don't run this either at present.

The iptables service is not the same thing as the iptables kernel module. Even firewalld uses the iptables kernel module (libvirt doesn't care about any service named iptables, but does use firewalld if it's running).

Well, if they've allowed your virtual machine to acquire multiple IP
addresses, then it would make sense that they would allow them to
actually use those IP addresses. I'm actually more inclined to think
that the packets simply aren't getting out of the virtual machine (or
the responses aren't getting back in).

The difference is that the virtual machine itself isn't assigned the IPs but rather containers under the AWS instance and something with how Amazon manages their stack prevents the packets from one container to the other. The very fact that the exact same software runs fine in VMs under say VMware or KVM but not VMs under AWS clearly points to AWS as the ultimate source of the problem.

I wouldn't be too quick to judgement. First take a look at tcpdump on the bridge interface that the containers are attached to, and on the ethernet device that connects the bridge to the rest of Amazon's infrastructure. If you see packets from the container's IP going out but not coming back in, check the iptables rules (again - firewalld uses iptables to setup its filtering) for a REJECT or DISCARD rule that has an incrementing count. I use something like this to narrow down the list I need to check:

while true; do iptables -v -S -Z | grep -v '^Zeroing' | grep -v "c 0 0" | grep -e '-c'; echo '**************'; sleep 1;

If you don't see any REJECT or DISCARD rules being triggered, then maybe the problem is that AWS is providing an IP address to your container's MAC, but isn't actually allowing traffic from that MAC out onto the network.

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