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[libvirt-users] Windows Guest I/O performance issues (already using virtio)



List,

 

I have a number of Windows 2016 servers I am deploying, but I’m having some I/O performance issues.  I have done all of the obvious things like virtio drivers, but am finding there is more performance to be found with hyper-v extensions, how we virtualize the hardware clock, and iothreads.  I’m using ZVOLs to back the VM, and I’m using 4k block sizes, which seems to offer the best 4k random read/write performance (mail and database workloads), but maybe I’m missing something at this layer too.

 

Questions:

 

  1. Does my VM config look reasonable for the latest releases of windows?  Are there features I should be using that will help performance?
  2. Why does the hypervclock timer make so much performance difference in windows VMs?
  3. Does my virtualized CPU model make sense?  I defined Haswell-noTSX-IBRS and libvirt added the features.
  4. Which kernel branch offers the best stability and performance?
  5. Are there performance gains in using UEFI booting the windows guest and defining “<blockio logical_block_size='4096' physical_block_size='4096'/>”?  Perhaps better block size consistency through to the zvol?

 

 

Here is my setup:

 

48 core Haswell CPU

192G Ram

Linux 4.14.61 or 4.9.114 (testing both)

ZFS file system on optane SSD drive or ZFS file system on dumb HBA with 8 spindles of 15k disks (testing both)

4k block size zvol for virtual machines

32G arc cache

 

Here is my VM:

 

<domain type='kvm' id='12'>

  <name>testvm</name>

  <memory unit='KiB'>33554432</memory>

  <currentMemory unit='KiB'>33554432</currentMemory>

  <vcpu placement='static'>12</vcpu>

  <iothreads>1</iothreads>

  <os>

    <type arch='x86_64' machine='pc-i440fx-2.12'>hvm</type>

    <boot dev='cdrom'/>

    <boot dev='hd'/>

  </os>

  <features>

    <acpi/>

    <hyperv>

      <relaxed state='on'/>

      <vapic state='on'/>

      <spinlocks state='on' retries='8191'/>

      <vpindex state='on'/>

      <runtime state='on'/>

      <synic state='on'/>

      <reset state='on'/>

      <vendor_id state='on' value='KVM Hv'/>

    </hyperv>

  </features>

  <cpu mode='custom' match='exact' check='full'>

    <model fallback='forbid'>Haswell-noTSX-IBRS</model>

    <topology sockets='1' cores='6' threads='2'/>

    <feature policy='require' name='vme'/>

    <feature policy='require' name='f16c'/>

    <feature policy='require' name='rdrand'/>

    <feature policy='require' name='hypervisor'/>

    <feature policy='require' name='arat'/>

    <feature policy='disable' name='spec-ctrl'/>

    <feature policy='require' name='xsaveopt'/>

    <feature policy='require' name='abm'/>

  </cpu>

  <clock offset='localtime'>

   <timer name='rtc' tickpolicy='catchup'/>

    <timer name='pit' tickpolicy='delay'/>

    <timer name='hpet' present='yes'/>

    <timer name='hypervclock' present='yes'/>

  </clock>

  <on_poweroff>destroy</on_poweroff>

  <on_reboot>restart</on_reboot>

  <on_crash>destroy</on_crash>

  <devices>

    <emulator>/usr/bin/qemu-system-x86_64</emulator>

    <disk type='block' device='disk'>

      <driver name='qemu' type='raw' cache='none' io='native' ioeventfd='on' iothread='1'/>

      <source dev='/dev/zvol/datastore/vm/testvm-vda'/>

      <backingStore/>

      <target dev='vda' bus='virtio'/>

      <alias name='virtio-disk0'/>

      <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x05' function='0x0'/>

    </disk>

    <disk type='file' device='cdrom'>

      <driver name='qemu'/>

      <target dev='hdc' bus='ide'/>

      <readonly/>

      <alias name='ide0-1-0'/>

      <address type='drive' controller='0' bus='1' target='0' unit='0'/>

    </disk>

    <controller type='ide' index='0'>

      <alias name='ide'/>

      <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x01' function='0x1'/>

    </controller>

    <controller type='usb' index='0' model='piix3-uhci'>

      <alias name='usb'/>

      <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x01' function='0x2'/>

    </controller>

    <controller type='pci' index='0' model='pci-root'>

      <alias name='pci.0'/>

    </controller>

    <controller type='virtio-serial' index='0'>

      <alias name='virtio-serial0'/>

      <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x04' function='0x0'/>

    </controller>

    <interface type='bridge'>

      <source bridge='lan'/>

      <target dev='vnet0'/>

      <model type='virtio'/>

      <alias name='net0'/>

      <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x03' function='0x0'/>

    </interface>

    <channel type='unix'>

      <source mode='bind' path='/var/lib/libvirt/qemu/channel/target/domain-12-testvm/org.qemu.guest_agent.0'/>

      <target type='virtio' name='org.qemu.guest_agent.0' state='connected'/>

      <alias name='channel0'/>

      <address type='virtio-serial' controller='0' bus='0' port='1'/>

    </channel>

    <input type='tablet' bus='usb'>

      <alias name='input0'/>

      <address type='usb' bus='0' port='1'/>

    </input>

    <input type='mouse' bus='ps2'>

      <alias name='input1'/>

    </input>

    <input type='keyboard' bus='ps2'>

      <alias name='input2'/>

    </input>

    <graphics type='vnc' port='5901' autoport='no' listen='0.0.0.0'>

      <listen type='address' address='0.0.0.0'/>

    </graphics>

    <video>

      <model type='cirrus' vram='16384' heads='1' primary='yes'/>

      <alias name='video0'/>

      <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x02' function='0x0'/>

    </video>

    <memballoon model='none'/>

  </devices>

  <seclabel type='dynamic' model='dac' relabel='yes'>

    <label>+0:+100</label>

    <imagelabel>+0:+100</imagelabel>

  </seclabel>

</domain>


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