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Re: Isolated bridge does not bridge



On 9/9/20 7:13 AM, Paul van der Vlis wrote:
Hello,

I want to do some testing and I have removed two VM's from the bridge
what connects them to internet, and added them to another isolated
bridge what's not connected to internet. Problem is that I cannot reach
the other host in the isolated network.

Something like this:

virsh shutdown kvm66
virsh shutdown kvm68

brctl delif br0 vnet10 vnet6  # the interfaces of kvm66 and kvm68
brctl addbr br1
brctl addif br1 vnet10 vnet6

The delif and addif commands won't do anything if the guests are not running (you've done "virsh shutdown", but that will either take some time, or never be honored (depending on how the guest OS deals with ACPI, I think)



Then I've replaced br0 to br1 in the XML of both VM's with "virsh edit".

Just be certain that each guest is either completely inactive (doesn't show up in the output of "virsh list" when you edit, or at some point after you've edited it (i.e. there must be a complete "virtual powercycle" of the guest for the changes to take effect).


Then I did start the VM's using the serial console (no network):
virsh start --console kvm66
virsh start --console kvm68

I cannot ping from one machine to the other. Why??

I guess you're using <interface type='bridge'> ... right?

Since the bridge devices were created and are managed outside libvirt's control, you need to do more than just create a bridge to get the connected guests talking to each other. In particular, if the guests are getting their IP addresses from DHCP, then you need to assign an IP address to the bridge device, and run a DHCP server that is listening on the bridge. (I'm curious what you used as the argument of the ping command, if the guests didn't have an IP address...)

(Aside from that, a bridge created with brctl will disappear when the host is rebooted, and not be recreated until you again enter the commands.)

If you want a simple way to create a bridge, start a dnmasq instance to serve DHCP, and add iptables rules to prevent the guests from breaking out of the isolated bridge, *and* as a bonus *re*create all of that every time you reboot the host, you can create an isolated libvirt virtual network, with a config file like the one here:


https://libvirt.org/formatnetwork.html#examplesPrivate

(editing to your taste for bridge name and IPv4 and IPv6 addresses). Put that in a file (e.g. net.xml) and run (as root) "virsh net-define net.xml; virsh net-start private; virsh net-autostart private".

Then define your guest interfaces with this:

   <interface type='network'>
     <source network='private'/>
     ...
   </interface>


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