[Linux-cluster] GFS Journal Size
Andrew A. Neuschwander
andrew at ntsg.umt.edu
Fri Nov 6 15:37:09 UTC 2009
Steven Whitehouse wrote:
> On Thu, 2009-11-05 at 15:30 -0700, Andrew A. Neuschwander wrote:
>> Is there a good way to determine what size journals are needed on a gfs? Is there anyway to tell if
>> a journal gets full? I have a vary large file system (20TB) shared by three hosts with 48GB RAM
>> each. With the default journal size, applications would become unresponsive under heavy sequential
>> writes. I increased the journal size to 1GB (from the default 128M) and this alleviated the problem.
>> Searching hasn't turned up any discussions on journal size.
> It depends a lot upon the workload, and also upon the hardware, so its
> tricky to give any hard and fast answers. We don't currently have any
> easy way to tell if the journal is getting full, although with the
> tracepoints built into upstream/fedora kernels it should be possible to
> get this information indirectly.
> Unless you have journaled data mode turned on, then only metadata will
> be journaled, so that it is the amount of metadata being modified that
> determines how quickly the journal fills up. Streaming writes will
> create a fair amount of metadata (assuming the files are not
> preallocated) in the form of indirect blocks.
> The journaled blocks are pinned in memory until they are written to the
> journal. This means that with a larger journal, you can potentially take
> up a lot of memory which would otherwise be used for the running of
> applications and/or caching data. As a result its not a good idea to
> have a journal that is too large a percentage of physical memory.
> There are actually two limits to consider wrt to journal size. The first
> is the number of blocks which can be put in the journal before the
> journal is flushed, and the second (probably what you are coming up
> against) is the requirement that all the journaled blocks must be
> written back "in place" before a segment of the journal can be freed. It
> is also possible to adjust the first of these items with the sysfs
> incore_log_blocks setting. I should warn you though that this particular
> setting is rather a crude way to make adjustments and at some future
> point we intend to replace that with a better method.
> Does that answer your question?
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> Linux-cluster at redhat.com
This is very good and helpful information. Thanks.
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