[linux-lvm] Block-Level Backup

Wolfgang Weisselberg uzx87lvfmukwc001 at sneakemail.com
Fri Aug 8 08:46:02 UTC 2003

Dieter Stueken wrote 67 lines:

> But seriously: there is some other interesting possibility. After you
> made the snapshot, don't try do save it elsewhere. Instead just keep it!
> I use a similar system since a year now. It holds a full mirror of
> all my data, thus its some kind of full backup. Each night I
> synchronize all modified files, but keep the previous state, too.
> Its like a  snapshot. As all unchanged data is shared between the
> snapshots, the whole thing grows quite moderately compared to its
> total size (200Gb).

> Thus I have a snapshot of all my data for each day. I save them daily
> for about a week. Then I thin them out, keeping the Sundays only.
> After a few weeks I keep one snapshot per month etc. This is equivalent
> to dealing with a bundle of tapes, but much much easier.

Sounds interesting.  How does defend against:
- hard disk head crashes 
- a lightning striking your PC, roasting your HDs (and any tape
  drive, and all the rest)
- software errors (e.g. in LVM, in your scripts)
- operator errors (removing the wrong snapshot(s))
- cracker attacks
- corrupted main file system (even fdisk giving up), due to
  some software/hardware problem (e.g. cable came half off)

With a backup which migrates/copies the data to tapes, I can at
- replace broken HDs/computers
- know the data was at least readable at the time of the
  backup, and any later accidents are recoverable
- it's much harder to nuke 2+ tapes/backup sets by operator


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