[linux-lvm] New LVM2 release 2.02.89: Thinly-provisioned logical volumes
Alasdair G Kergon
agk at redhat.com
Fri Jan 27 02:57:01 UTC 2012
After a long break, we've issued a new LVM2 release, 2.02.89.
394 files changed, 22662 insertions(+), 11614 deletions(-)
This release includes experimental support for thinly-provisioned
logical volumes using the new device-mapper thin provisioning target
in kernel 3.2.
This is still a *development* release and the new feature is not
supported by all the LVM commands yet.
The various interface extensions for thin provisioning are not frozen.
So we might still decide to tweak the command line extensions, library
functions, on-disk metadata extensions, tool output, configuration
options etc. in ways that make later releases incompatible with this
Please try it out, test it, and give us feedback preferably on the
mailing list lvm-devel at redhat.com.
Ensure your kernel is at least version 3.2 and compiled with
Add '--with-thin=internal' to your configure line.
You should have --enable-dmeventd too and install dmeventd for automatic
extension of nearly-full thin volumes.
Fedora users may use this package:
(or a newer one, if we rebuild it)
The basic idea
You create a logical volume known as the "thin pool" to hold the disk
space you want to use inside your volume group.
Then you create "thin" logical volumes which share the space in that pool.
lvs and lvdisplay will tell you "how full" your pool is.
dmeventd will monitor how full your pool is, and automatically use
unallocated physical extents to extend it according to the policy in
lvm.conf. Do not allow your pool to fill up!
You can also take snapshots of thin volumes.
There are basic examples in the man pages, and sophisticated
examples in the test scripts (e.g. test/shell/lvcreate-thin.sh).
With lvcreate, think of -L as controlling actual disk space and -V as
controlling virtual size. -T is a short-cut indicating the use of
something thin. If not specified, volume names (like lvol0) are
generated whenever needed.
Creating a pool needs actual disk space, so use -L.
Creating a thin volume use virtual space, so use -V.
You can have more than one pool in a VG, so to use an existing one
you must mention which it is on the command line.
(Of course, we will be producing additional documentation eventually.)
Commands that should mostly work with thin volumes at this stage:
lvcreate, lvremove, lvresize, lvextend, lvreduce, lvchange, lvdisplay, lvs
vgscan, vgdisplay, vgs, vgcreate, vgremove, vgextend, vgreduce
Please limit yourself to those commands for now.
Other commands have not been updated and may fail in surprising way.
(If one of them causes you problems, we're unlikely to be interested.)
In particular, be aware that vgcfgrestore only restores the LVM metadata
and NOT the in-kernel thin metadata and so can easily cause crashes or
corruption at the moment.
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