[linux-lvm] Re: Problems running with LVM on RedHat 7.2

Heinz J . Mauelshagen mauelshagen at sistina.com
Mon Mar 4 04:27:02 UTC 2002

On Fri, Mar 01, 2002 at 10:32:27AM -0700, Andreas Dilger wrote:
> On Mar 01, 2002  09:30 -0600, James T West wrote:
> > The problem with running "vgscan" with every boot, is "vgscan" first
> > destroys /etc/lvmtab and all the files in /etc/lvmtab.d.   These are very
> > important files containing your LVM Volume Group description.  These files
> > were probably "good" files when your system was shutdown.   If "vgscan"
> > runs into any problem while running, it will fail to recreate these files,
> > and you will not be able to access your volume groups without first
> > restoring these files.
> > 
> > In my view "vgscan" should only be run manually, and should not be run
> > automatically on every boot.  Running "vgscan" on every boot is not
> > necessary, and can potentially cause serious problems.
> I totally agree, and have stated this in the past.  It would be nice if
> the "pvscan" command updated the list of available PVs, but did not
> change the VG layout _at_all_ (where the VG layout only referred to
> PVs by UUID).

If vgscan doesn't find the LVM metadata on-disk there's
2 possible reasons:

a.) it is not there because of disk(-subsystem) problems.

b.) vgscan has a bug so let's fix it.

/etc/lvmtab* exists in LVM1 for the sole purpose of performance.

What Andreas recommends causes scanning of *all* PVs again to find changed
pathes and in case none is found to access a particular PV we end up with
case a. above. To avoid that case, I implement VG quorum in LVM1 right now
in order to activate the VG anyway.

the actual /etc/lvmtab.d/* copies vgscan removes at shutdown
are still in /etc/lvmconf/*.
The following tiny script recreates them for you in case vgscan fails.

Call it like "script MyVG1 [MyVGn...]"

It won't help in case you have *inaccessable* PVs though ;-(

rm -fr /etc/lvmtab*
mkdir /etc/lvmtab.d
for vg in $*
   echo -ne "${vg}\0" >> /etc/lvmtab
   cp /etc/lvmconf/${vg}.conf /etc/lvmtab.d/${vg}
chmod 755 /etc/lvmtab.d
chmod 644 /etc/lvmtab /etc/lvmtab.d/*

> I believe that LVM2 does this (at least I hope).

LVM2 doesn't create these cache files.

> Cheers, Andreas
> PS - James, can you please learn to trim your quoting a bit???
> --
> Andreas Dilger
> http://sourceforge.net/projects/ext2resize/
> http://www-mddsp.enel.ucalgary.ca/People/adilger/
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Heinz    -- The LVM Guy --

*** Software bugs are stupid.
    Nevertheless it needs not so stupid people to solve them ***


Heinz Mauelshagen                                 Sistina Software Inc.
Senior Consultant/Developer                       Am Sonnenhang 11
                                                  56242 Marienrachdorf
Mauelshagen at Sistina.com                           +49 2626 141200
                                                       FAX 924446

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